No, they are just both part of the Cannabis family. Hemp and marijuana are genetically distinct and differ in both cultivation, chemical properties, and use.
Hemp is grown and cultivated for fiber and seed to produce a variety of products including foods, oils, rope, and fabrics.
Marijuana is cultivated to yield high levels of the psychoactive ingredient, Tetrahydrocannabinol, more commonly known as THC, concentrated heavily in the flowers and buds. Marijuana contains both THC and CBD, and these compounds have different effects.
THC creates a mind-altering “high” when it is broken down by heat and introduced into the body.
CBD has been found to have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and anti-anxiety properties without any psychoactive effects. Thus, it has recently gained popularity as a dietary supplement and is now one of the leading applications of hemp in the US.